Odds of a High School Female Athlete going Pro Scholarship
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What are the odds of a high school female athlete making a pro roster?  Well for every 3,416 US high school basketball players  only 1 will end up on an WNBA roster.  Here are the odds of going pro for WNBA basketball and NWSL soccer sports:
   
3,416 : 1 1,756 : 1
 WNBA Basketball NWSL Soccer
   
Methodology & Notes:

  Basketball odds Soccer odds
High School Players *      433,344   1 : 1        374,564   1 : 1 
College Players       27,710   16 : 1          37,760   10 : 1 
NCAA I players         5,134   84 : 1           8,998   42 : 1 
Pro Players  **           144   3,416 : 1              200   1,756 : 1 
         
**Pro Roster Size WNBA 2015 NWSL 2015
Number of teams 12 10
Roster limit 12 20
Total         144          200
% of non-US players 22.9% 20.0%
Estimated Average Career length 3.5 3.0
         

*  High school data is from the 2013-14 High School Athletics Participation Survey conducted by the National Federation of State High School Associations.
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** Odds of a randomly selected high school athlete going pro are adjusted by the percentage of international players and the average pro career length for each sport. This is necessary to make a valid comparison with the base data of  4 years of US high school athletes.
 

 
Many foreign student athletes compete on U.S. college varsity teams and may not be reflected as US high school participants. This factor may result in computed participation percentages for many sports that are artificially high. Here is a summary of foreign student (non-resident alien) participation on NCAA I varsity teams per the NCAA 2013-14 Race & Gender Demographics Database:
    % of foreign athletes
Sport - NCAA I Member Schools        Men     Women  
Tennis 32.3% 30.4%
Ice Hockey 21.0% 26.9%
Skiing 17.9% 17.8%
Squash 14.7% 15.2%
Golf 12.2% 15.8%
Field Hockey                  - 10.2%
Soccer 12.1% 4.9%
Water Polo 6.8% 6.9%
Basketball 6.1% 4.4%
Swimming 5.9% 5.8%
Fencing 4.7% 6.5%
NCAA I Average   4.5% 5.6%
Sand Volleyball                  - 5.2%
Rowing 4.3% 2.8%
Volleyball 4.1% 4.5%
Cross Country 4.0% 3.3%
Track & Field 3.6% 3.4%
Lacrosse 3.0% 0.9%
Gymnastics 1.4% 4.3%
Rifle                  - 3.3%
Bowling                  - 2.5%
Synchronized Swimming                  - 2.4%
Equestrian                  - 1.1%
Softball                  - 0.9%
Baseball 0.8%                        -
Sailing 0.4% 2.2%
Football 0.4%                        -
Wrestling 0.2%                        -
Rugby                  -                        -
       

 

          
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